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Is it valid in XSD to have choice where all particles are optional

  • From: Jirka Kosek <jirka@kosek.cz>
  • To: XML Dev <xml-dev@lists.xml.org>
  • Date: Thu, 15 Dec 2011 15:56:15 +0100

Is it valid in XSD to have choice where all particles are optional

I have came across interesting problem in XSD. Assume the following
snippet of XML schema:

<xs:complexType name="foo">
      <xs:element name="a" minOccurs="0"/>
      <xs:element name="b" minOccurs="0"/>

I have tried several validator and none of them reports error witch such
schema. However in section "3.8.4 Model Group Validation Rules" in XML
Schema Part 1 there is written:

"Nothing in the above should be understood as ruling out groups whose
{particles} is empty: *although no sequence can be ·valid· with respect
to such a group whose {compositor} is choice*, the empty sequence is
·valid· with respect to empty groups whose {compositor} is sequence or all."

Should this be understood as that above fragment of XSD is incorrect?

(Of course, it is better to write this as
    <xs:choice minOccurs="0">
      <xs:element name="a"/>
      <xs:element name="b"/>
but lets focus on the original version).

Opinions from XML Schema experts welcomed.



  Jirka Kosek      e-mail: jirka@kosek.cz      http://xmlguru.cz
       Professional XML consulting and training services
  DocBook customization, custom XSLT/XSL-FO document processing
 OASIS DocBook TC member, W3C Invited Expert, ISO JTC1/SC34 member

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