Re: Personal reply to Edd Dumbill's XML Hack Article wrt W3C XML Schema
From: W. E. Perry <wperry@f...> >The point here is that no party--not >the sender, and none of the downstream receivers--has the standing to fix the >semantics of the elements transmitted in the XML document. I am not sure that your mode of processing is so irreconcilable with XML Schemas. For SGML processing, it used to be common practise (when using systems flexible enough) to tailor the DTD for each stage in a pipeline. In XML Schemas, you can derive a new schema from a base schema (in compatible ways only.) This suggests that it may be best practise for public schemas to be as open as possible (a point Roger Costello has made for othe reasons), to allow sender and recipient to have custom schemas as appropriate. For schema changes that do not fit into that mould, a recipient is free to create their own completely independent schema for a namespace. Of course, it would be impolite and confusing to release this to the public, and you would have to make sure your tools use an OASIS CATALOG in preference to the schemaLocation hint or retrieval from the Namespace URI (e.g., hopefully from a RDDL directory). If you were worried about managability of radically different schemas for different namespaces, you could create a simple XSLT (or OmniMark or Perl etc) transformation to remap the namespaces. (That might be a good candidate for a SAX processor: perhaps Dave Megginson's XAF can already do the equivalent using architectural forms anyway!) Note, for the idea of just decorating the instance with type information between processes, there is the DT4DTD note at www.w3.org/TR by Lee Buck, Charles Goldfarb and Paul Prescod. All that being said, the theoretical point you make is good: I would rephrase it and limit it to say that sometimes we want to process data according to its storage type, sometimes we want to process data according to its facets' values, sometimes we want to process data according to its lexical or value space, sometimes as text, and sometimes we want to process data as symbols. DTDs only gave us enough information to process data as text or as symbols. This is enough for a lot of applications, because the data comes or goes to specialist applications that allow processing by other mechanism. From this view, XML Schemas is not much help for existing symbolic-processing uses, but maore targetted at extending the reach of where data can be considered "XML" in some way...it allows us to think of "XML databases" and so on. Cheers Rick Jelliffe
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