[XML-DEV Mailing List Archive Home] [By Thread] [By Date] [Recent Entries] [Reply To This Message]

Re: Tradeoffs of XML encoding by enclosing all content in CDAT

  • From: "Andrew Welch" <andrew.j.welch@g...>
  • To: "Karr, David" <david.karr@w...>
  • Date: Mon, 29 Sep 2008 16:40:37 +0100

Re:  Tradeoffs of XML encoding by enclosing all content in CDAT
2008/9/29 Karr, David <david.karr@w...>:
> I pointed out to a client that they're seeing failures parsing XML because
> some of the element content that they're producing contains characters
> illegal in XML content, like "&" (unencoded).  They acknowledged that should
> be fixed, but they also said they could instead enclose all content with
> CDATA blocks.  That seems bizarre to me, but I'm not sure I can immediately
> come up with all the cogent arguments against that.  Can someone summarize
> specifically why you should NOT do that?

You often get this problem when people write XML as a string rather
than using a proper XML Writer...

For example:

xmlStr = "<foo>" + someVal  + "</foo>";

The are several problems with this approach, one being that ampersands
won't be escaped properly.

The answer they usually go for is to replace all occurrences of & with
&_amp; but then you see double escaping  &_amp;amp; of character and
entity references.

Then you get the string &_amp;amp; in the result, which appears as
"&_amp;" in the browser, so they attached a post processing step to
convert "&_amp;amp;" to &_amp;

....and so on and so on.  (you also see these pre- and post-processing
steps to get around encoding issues)

The root cause of all of this, is that someone wrote XML as string
rather than using an XML Writer.    So I would suggest finding out how
they create the XML, and go from there.

Andrew Welch
Kernow: http://kernowforsaxon.sf.net/

[Date Prev] | [Thread Prev] | [Thread Next] | [Date Next] -- [Date Index] | [Thread Index]


Purchasing Stylus Studio from our online shop is Easy, Secure and Value Priced!

Buy Stylus Studio Now

Download The World's Best XML IDE!

Accelerate XML development with our award-winning XML IDE - Download a free trial today!

Don't miss another message! Subscribe to this list today.
First Name
Last Name
Subscribe in XML format
RSS 2.0
Atom 0.3

Stylus Studio has published XML-DEV in RSS and ATOM formats, enabling users to easily subcribe to the list from their preferred news reader application.

Stylus Studio Sponsored Links are added links designed to provide related and additional information to the visitors of this website. they were not included by the author in the initial post. To view the content without the Sponsor Links please click here.

Site Map | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use | Trademarks
Free Stylus Studio XML Training:
W3C Member
Stylus Studio® and DataDirect XQuery ™are products from DataDirect Technologies, is a registered trademark of Progress Software Corporation, in the U.S. and other countries. © 2004-2013 All Rights Reserved.