RE: A Light Rant On Ontological Commitment
Thanks for those citations, Bill. Interesting reading. I recommend it not only for the insights into the language design but so advocates of RDF and Topic Maps can compare their designs to the author's advocacy of Prolog. No flames, please. It is a learning day every day. However, I would place "speech acts" and other such classifications squarely in the domain of the business protocols and yes, such events can be used to determine the required behavior. It is useful to observe the behavior to determine if the actor is staying inside the predicted or contract boundaries. Bounding named events is precisely why we want languages such as XLang and possibly the ontological services. That is what a project design is: boundaries. That is why Tit-for-tat strategies have been exhaustively studied. Simple strategies typically produced the highest survivor rates in simulations of negotiations where the Prisoner's Dilemma is assumed as the environmental constraint. The author of your cited article alludes to this by the constraint "Treat this message as you do all messages of this type unless there is a demonstrable reason not to do so." Humans do this when an RFI or RFQ comes in. If we cannot understand it, we invoke a process to consider if it is worth considering. Making a machine do this is what the machine language must enable and why the author of the article is investigating the design of such languages. What we seem to be saying is that the first negotiation is to establish the negotiation pattern or strategy for deeper communication. That is precisely why businesses issue RFIs before RFQs. These are both acts of discovery to deepen the inquiry prior to the act of negotiation of a contract. We negotiate the environment prior to instantiating controls that can then alter the environment itself. We try to avoid the n-body problem because an environment cannot be managed or costed. Consider the discussion of the problem of using Extreme Programming methodologies in fixed price projects. Method must match management contracts. The ability of the programming language to adequately define and then interact with the environment is a key consideration in choosing it as a tool. The cultural problem, as my GE manager expressed it in 1989 is, "what you are talking about, Len, f**ks up the game". Where the game is prized more highly than the potential to improve the results for all parties, he is right. But times change and so should cultures. Choose wisely. Len clbullar@i... http://www.mp3.com/LenBullard Ekam sat.h, Vipraah bahudhaa vadanti. Daamyata. Datta. Dayadhvam.h -----Original Message----- From: Bill dehOra [mailto:BdehOra@i...] Sent: Wednesday, January 03, 2001 6:31 AM To: xml-dev@l... Cc: Bullard, Claude L (Len) Subject: RE: A Light Rant On Ontological Commitment > One problem is that the *intent* of language is > determined in the context of the culture from > which it emerges and within which semantics > evolve. A relationship of language to culture > (domain to environment) is a reciprocal > control over the evolution of the thing(s) > described. We must know both what is *meant* > (the semantic measure within the system) > and the *intent* (the semantic measure of > the sender to receiver). This becomes very expensive. Not neccessarily. Speech acts can determine intent. > Multi-lingual and muli-cultural are reciprocal > issues. We are typically better served as > you point out by dealing with the transaction/contract > level where we can make constraints testable > and predictable based on observable behaviors. Michael Covington: <http://www.ai.uga.edu/~mc/>: "On Designing a Language for Electronic Commerce" and "Speech Acts in Electronic Communication, KQML, and X12", both available at the url. And Scott Moore's FLBC: <http://www.samoore.com/research/flbc/flbc.php> > An ontology is just a document. An ontology can be put into document form, yes.
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