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Newbie wonders why the variable can change value?

Subject: Newbie wonders why the variable can change value?
From: thehulk@xxxxxxxxxxx
Date: Mon, 21 Feb 2011 21:53:39 +0000 (UTC)
 Newbie wonders why the variable can change value?
I am making a hierarchy from a flattened input XML. It works, and it outputs a nested hierarchy which is correct. But I do not understand how the XSL variables can work. 

For instance, say that my original 5 ACCTs represent one "organization" with two "subsidiaries" and each sub has two "branches". In the input, attributes "Acct_ID and "Parent_Acct_ID" link things into a tree. The output will look like
<ORG ...>
<SUBS ...>
<BRAN ...>
<BRAN ...>
</SUBS ...>
<SUBS ...>
<BRAN ...>
<BRAN ...>
</SUBS ...>

A template that only matches the top of the tree, the Org-level ACCT, processes and nests the appropriate siblings as follows :

<xsl:variable name="currentOR" select="HIERARCHY_Info/@Acct_ID"/>
<xsl:apply-templates  mode="RE" select="../ACCT[HIERARCHY_Info/@Prnt_Acct_ID=$currentOR]"/>	
I use the variable, because the following alternative coding returns none of the sibling nodes,  nodes, because (I think) it compares the siblings' parent-acct-IDs to their own acct-IDs: 

<xsl:apply-templates  mode="RE" select="../ACCT[HIERARCHY_Info/@Prnt_Acct_ID=HIERARCHY_Info/@Acct_ID]"/>	

The template that processes the sibling ACCT uses a "choose" to determine the level of that ACCT and does much the same to nest BRANs within SUBS:

<xsl:variable name="currentSU" select="HIERARCHY_Info/@Acct_ID"/>
<xsl:apply-templates  mode="RE" select="../ACCT[HIERARCHY_Info/@Prnt_Acct_ID=$currentSU]"/>	
All that works, but, it seems to me that it is resetting the variable $currentSU for each of the ACCTs that are Subsidiary-level. But you cannot reset a variable, it says on all the tutorials. Why does it work? 

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