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  • From: Mukul Gandhi <gandhi.mukul@gmail.com>
  • To: Ghislain Fourny <gfourny@inf.ethz.ch>
  • Date: Mon, 21 Aug 2017 13:37:44 +0530

Re:  XML vs JSON
I agree with Ghislain's points. Thank you.

On 21 August 2017 at 13:13, Ghislain Fourny <gfourny@inf.ethz.ch> wrote:
Dear Hans-Jürgen,

> could you venture a definition of the term "document" in this context?

There is a distinction commonly made in XML: data-oriented vs. document-oriented (even though I am not sure if this terminology is settled).

A data-oriented XML document looks like records, often with repeating patterns, exactly like in your own example:


(further data can be nested as well). Such documents are easy to map to and from tables, for example.

A document-oriented XML document looks more like an HTML page with mixed content, XHTML and docbook being two prominent examples:

<paragraph>This is <bold>bold</bold> text and this is <italic>italic</italic> text</paragraph>

The former is similar in spirit to JSON -- this is where they "overlap" -- while the latter is one of XML's sweet spots, which explains why it is so popular in the publishing industry.

Kind regards,

Mukul Gandhi

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