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Re: XML vs JSON

  • From: "Ghislain Fourny" <gfourny@inf.ethz.ch>
  • To: Hans-Juergen Rennau <hrennau@yahoo.de>
  • Date: Mon, 21 Aug 2017 07:43:05 +0000

Re:  XML vs JSON
Dear Hans-J├╝rgen,

> could you venture a definition of the term "document" in this context?

There is a distinction commonly made in XML: data-oriented vs. document-oriented (even though I am not sure if this terminology is settled).

A data-oriented XML document looks like records, often with repeating patterns, exactly like in your own example:

<getFlights>
      <departureAirport>CGN</departureAirport>
      <departureDate>2017-08-18</departureDate>
</getFlights>

(further data can be nested as well). Such documents are easy to map to and from tables, for example.


A document-oriented XML document looks more like an HTML page with mixed content, XHTML and docbook being two prominent examples:

<paragraph>This is <bold>bold</bold> text and this is <italic>italic</italic> text</paragraph>


The former is similar in spirit to JSON -- this is where they "overlap" -- while the latter is one of XML's sweet spots, which explains why it is so popular in the publishing industry.

Kind regards,
Ghislain



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