# Re: A question about the expressive power and limitati

 Subject: Re: A question about the expressive power and limitations of XPath 2.0 From: Jeni Tennison Date: Sun, 13 Jan 2002 00:06:24 +0000
```Hi Dimitre,

> As I'm just starting to read the latest WDs, I'd greatly appreciate
> it if somebody could provide examples showing:
>
> 1. A problem, which cannot be easily solved by using "for", but
> which has a natural recursive solution. Calling user-defined
> functions within an XPath expression must be excluded, as we can do
> anything (e.g. recursion) within a user-defined function.

Perhaps the implementation of a math:power function? You can do that
with recursion using:

<xsl:function name="math:power">
<xsl:param name="base" type="xs:float" select="1" />
<xsl:param name="power" type="xs:integer" select="0" />
<xsl:result select="if (\$power = 0)
then 1
else \$base * math:power(\$base, \$power - 1)" />
</xsl:function>

Hmm... the thing that for expressions can't do it aggregate values
over a sequence. An easy one would be a str:concat() function that
took a sequence as the argument to be concatenated. This could be
implemented by recursion with:

<xsl:function name="str:concat">
<xsl:param name="strings" type="xs:string*" select="()" />
<xsl:param name="concatenated" type="xs:string" />
<xsl:result
select="if (empty(\$strings))
then \$concatenated
else concat(\$concatenated,
\$strings[1],
str:concat(\$strings[position() > 1])" />
</xsl:function>

These are examples that (I think) are *impossible* to achieve using
the for expression - not sure that was what you were after?

> 2. A (text processing), which cannot be solved (easily) by using
> regular expressions. David already mentioned a string enclosed in
> balanced parenthesis. Another example is a string consisting of
> equal number of 1-s and 0-s. It is known that any language defined
> by a CFG but which cannot be defined by a RE. I just need a small,
> and if possible meaningful, concrete example.

Well, the regular expression handling that's described currently is so
under specified that pointing out things it can't do is like... what's
the phrase?... "shooting fish in a barrel".

Are you after examples that indicate the shortfallings in the regular
expression syntax, the match() or replace() functions as defined or
something more general that illustrates that regular expressions can't
be used to process every kind of string?

Cheers,

Jeni

---
Jeni Tennison
http://www.jenitennison.com/

XSL-List info and archive:  http://www.mulberrytech.com/xsl/xsl-list

```

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